ʻO ka International Writing Centers Association, a National Council of Kumu o English hoʻokumu i hoʻokumu ʻia i 1983, hoʻoulu i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā luna kikowaena kākau, nā kumu aʻo, a me nā limahana ma ke kākoʻo ʻana i nā hālāwai, nā paʻi, a me nā hana ʻoihana ʻē aʻe; e ka paipai ʻana i ka haumana i pili i ke kākau ʻana i nā kahua e pili ana i ke kikowaena; a me ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi kūkākūkā kūwaho no ka hopohopo kikowaena kikowaena.